Photos and story Mark Clairmont | MuskokaTODAY.com

GRAVENHURST —  ‘Life on the Edge of the Canadian Shield’ travels along two paths in the new Misko-Aki (red earth) exhibit at the Muskoka Discovery Centre.

One paddled by a canoe, another taken in a steamship.

It was opened Thursday by Ontario Lt.-Gov. Elizabeth Dowdeswell.

The story of Muskoka from 15,000 years ago is told in a stunning new display artfully detailed from the perspective of its first Indigenous settlers right up to 2023. A journey through centuries of humble growth and technological development laid bare large with an understanding geared toward truth and reconciliation with an instructive bent combining a ‘Confluence of Cultures’ through a perspective lens of the past, present and future.

The multi-million-dollar, multi-level Smithsonian-quality museum is a further telling of how all Muskokans arrived. Whether by foot, canoe, train, ship, automobile or plane the destination remains the same. That shared journey continues today.

Welcome to Misko-Aki (red earth) and a look inside Muskoka’s aboriginal and settler roots.

This new stop includes a taste of my Muskoka, your Muskoka and everybody’s Muskoka and for those visiting or emigrating from around the world. You can’t live in a community without knowing it.

And the Misko-Aki helps you do that in a clearly concise walk-through leaving better informed and enriched in who we all are as Muskokans. It’s a concurrent journey that explains evolution of the environment and how those who came to inhabit it informed and enhanced it.

The ground floor takes visitors from the Ice Age, which carved out the rugged granite terrain creating a thirst and lust for the hundreds of beautiful blue, sustainable and playful  lakes now framed on countless cottage walls.

An eight-minute film by Jake Thomas — a Lake of Bays cottager and son of the late Canadian folk singer Ian Thomas  — sets the scene in Phase I dating back to 13,000 BC and fast-forwards through ecological and economic changes and challenges.

Touching initially on aboriginal inhabitants like Chief John Bigwin (1838-1940), it leaves most of their stories to be told in a more fulsome, truthful fashion later up on the second floor as the story unfolds more deeply.

But first to unfold is how this $6.2 million expansion of MDC (formerly the ‘Grace & Speed’) came to be.

Mary Storey, archivist at the MDC for 21 years, says every time she walks through she’s moved and amazed at the history of Muskoka past and present.

Mary Storey knows this amazing story intimately as its archivist. She’s been in charge of her team that collects, catalogues and curates thousands of donated artefacts for 21 years.

She was on the MDC team that came up with the concept in 2020 as they navigated their way through laborious negotiations with local First Nations, federal and provincial governments, donors, sponsors and the architectural firm. All of it resulting in a furious past winter — after years of back-and-forth dialogues on Zoom due to COVID.

The premise of the project was a boathouse for the Wanda III when a standalone building proved financially unfeasible as it was being converted from steam to electric. Fortuitously an addition to Grace & Speed resulted.

Why stop there? Thus was born what you’ll experience here.

“It’s a “microcosm of the Canadian Shield,” said Storey during a tour before it officially opened.

Margaret Eaton’s 1915 Wanda III, a 95-foot former steam launch has just gotten 12 lithium batteries installed and will be going from “steam to green” next summer.

The modern era story begins when A.P. Cockburn launched the original Wenonah June 20, 1866 — Muskoka’s first steamship. MDC calls him the “Father of Muskoka Tourism” — others dub the one-time Gravenhurst mayor, MPP and MP the “Father of Muskoka” for having opened up the district on the lakes and by bringing rail, growth and prosperity to the northern half of Central Ontario including Huntsville and Lake of Bays where Captain George Marsh and the Portage Flyer train carried on north.

Trains arrived in 1885 to take people farther inland in summer along with the first tourists and rich cottagers.

It’s called the “Golden Era of Steam.”

Sadly many of the ships, like the Sagamo, either burned or went to the bottom of the lakes in accidents.

Storey said the Wenonah led to 20 various steamships plying the Muskoka Lakes over the next century until the late 1950s. At their height eight steamers would regular steam up and down from the Muskoka Fleet’s port in Gravenhurst, through Port Carling to Lakes Joseph and Rosseau and back — part of the famed “100-mile cruise.”

She said the last two 100-mile cruises were in 2012 and 2016 when the Segwun and Wenonah II were accompanied by hundreds of boats including dozens of antique and classic boats built in Muskoka decades ago.

Fifty miles up and fifty miles back. Now that’s a trip worth taking then but sadly not often enough now.
The story of the Wanda III is integral to today’s museum and shows the history of the 1915-vintage launch.

Built in 1915 for Margaret Eaton — wife of Timothy Eaton owner of the iconic Canadian department store — the 94-foot Wanda III had an engine designed for First World War minesweepers.

Storey said that proved beneficial on weekends when the train would arrive at the old Muskoka Wharf where boats waited for their city fold. The Eatons were able to outrace the others and be first up the lakes.

Wanda III is in the water in its new adjacent boathouse with 12 new lithium batteries installed to run the Elco engine, which is much smaller than the Polton steam engine taken out and on display.

Ron Sclater, its last captain, expects it to be operational next summer.

Storey calls it “steam to green.”

Joe Crane, 90, was the master marine steam engineer who kept the Segwun going until the pandemic hit. He has an apprentice now.

Keeping the Segwun and Wanda III steamed up has long been a challenge due to requiring a “marine steam engineer,” says Storey.

Joe Crane did it till before the pandemic, but at 90 he ran out of steam.

Luckily they’ve recruited an apprentice to fill in this year from the Chi-Cheemaun (“Big Canoe”), which runs from Tobermory to Manitoulin Island.

Phase II includes “Opening Up” Muskoka as settlers move in and “free land grants” of 100 acres are given by the government with the proviso that the first 10 must be cleared in a year.

“Imagine having to do that with just an axe,” said Storey.

But many men and families did — with some help from Indigenous people already there.

“Colony roads” led the way north before Cockburn brought rail and steam trains two decades later.

Logging and mills were big business at the turn of the 20th century as the natural resources of pine trees were felled and brought down the lakes to Gravenhurst and shipped off across Canada, the U.S. and overseas.

It also created a thriving world-class wooden boat-building industry, but also population growth and deforestation.

Forestry made Muskoka early on as pine trees were cut and shipped Canada-wide and to the U.S. and Europe.

And as farming died the tourism and cottage boom took over as once it took two days to get to Muskoka and now it could be done within a few hours as roads improved and widened.

“Building communities,” promoting “health and fresh air,” said Storey in explaining more exhibits. “Then vacationland takes off — and the rest is history.”

Part of that included “Cultural Life,” “Industry” (lumbering, ice cutting, boat building, tanneries …) and today’s eco tourism and hopefully a sustainable future.

The second storey tells a new story and takes visitors on a ‘Canoe Trip’ through seven landings telling the Indigenous experiences good and bad.


Honouring those who came before

The second storey commences with a “canoe trip” that makes seven “landings” along the way — each telling a unique part of the local Indigenous story.

Along with original aboriginal artefacts including a hanging birch bark canoe are several commissioned pieces.

First and most impressive is a four-foot-wide serving bowl and spoon representative of the “shared land.

Other pieces meant to bring “truth and reconciliation” are panels that include audio stations that allow visitors to hear First Nations accounts of their collective history including treaties affecting local lands, residential school experiences, native culture and their longstanding love, understanding and respect for water and the environment.

MPP Graydon Smith said he spent hours engrossed in the history of his riding.

For local history buffs Misko-Aki is a bonanza. An engaging way to spend any time and well-spent with friends and visitors to our home and native lands.

This is all in addition to the other exhibits at MDC, including a great water display from last year and other original local history displays as well as dozens of antique and classic boats in the water museum. There’s also the interactive Kids Zone upstairs.

Entry fees are $24 for adults, $20 for seniors and $8 for kids 2-12. Ship passengers pay $15 and kids 12 and under with ship ticket are free.

A small price to pay for large understanding, enjoyment, education and piece of reconciliation.

A trip through time begins and ends with an intriguing venture on land and water via steamship and rail including Huntsville and Lake of Bays.
Chief John Bigwin (1838-1940) has come to symbolize much of what many people think of an original founding resident of Muskoka.
It’s an interactive, technology-driven and stunningly visual historic journey full of artefacts.
A “river” takes guests along a journey in the native section to help teach and contine the healing between the two communities on a path to reconciliation.
Mary Storey studies the four-foot commissioned bowl and spoon representing the syboloic “shared land” at the entrance to the First Nations exhibit.
Colourful First Nations papooses, recreated for the exhibit, are among dozens of aboriginal originals.
Text-heavy storyboards give visitors plenty to read, understand and explore.
An actual original Norval Morrisseau artwork is striking part of Art of the Anishinaabek.
Honouring those who came before was always the goal of the Indigenous and non-Indigenous partnership.
This commissioned piece shows just how aboriginals travelled and how much can be loaded into a long boat canoe – a ‘Marvel of Indigenuity.’
Top to bottom MDC has plenty in storey. For local and Canadian history buffs it’s a bonanza.
Area First Nations are well represented including with this fish weir connecting lakes Simcoe and Couchiching near Rama.
Important treaties like the Williams Treaties provided much of the history and contest behind the displays going forward.
Formerly the Gibson reserve near Bala, the Wahta story is told in sound and sight in this sixth landing panel.
Another commissioned piece shows this beautiful deer-skin jacket, an example of the skill and artistry of aboriginals and which was commonly worn by the First Nations settlers.
Severl languages have emerged through the centuries and been spoken by many newcomers. Some of the four native languages continue to be learned.
Flags of the various communities thorughout Muskoka hang over the entrance to the two-storey exhibits halls.
Steam and rail whistles dot the top of this photo of one of the first trains that arrived in Muskoka in 1885.
George Marsh can be seen above as he helped pioneers Huntsville and Lake of Bays with the Portage Flyer steam train that still runs daily each summer in Huntsville.
Hearty white settlers were offered 100 acres for free as long as they cleared 10 acres the first year – with just an axe.
A visit to the museum can take hours to go through more than once or twice to truly grasp it all.
A Segwun blanket is seen here. The ship had a couple of rooms atop deck for the captain or a lucky passenger.
A life ring from the famed Sagamo ship doesn’t look to safe, but it’s survived close to 100 years as it hangs over a Muskoka chair.
An oroginal Eaton shipping container shows what the family tranported its goods in each summer to their home along “Millionaire’s Row.”
Anyone who has travelled a back road with or without a GPS has relied on signposts like this for final directions, these ones pointing to exhibits.
Cultural displays show dancehalls and famed musicians, like Hugh Clairmont and his trumpet, who made life bearable in Muskoka including the 21 Club and Dunn’s Pavilion.
A.P. Cockburn’s legacy lives on as the “Father of Muskoka Tourism.”
If A.P. Cockurn is the “Father of Muskoka Tourism” Letitia McCabe is the “Mother of Tourism. This drawing reprsents what she would have looked like.
Free land may sound enticing today, but last century you had to have hearty soul, strong back and belief in a new land, which many did if not easily. Could that happen again in Ontario?
The Muskoka Discovery Centre is now a world-class museum destination that has more than the Misko-Aki display. It also features a top-notch water display and local history.

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